- Negotiating the end to war: Queensland women 1914-1918
This blog is about:
- women who took a stand against state-sanctioned violence during World War One and spoke out for negotiated end to conflicts rather than military defeat.
- many courageous individuals, mostly white women, who joined together and pledged to work for peace, freedom and social justice.
- During the World War 1, they formed firstly the Women’s Peace Army, and others formed the Sisterhood of International Peace; some were also involved in the Australian Peace Alliance, and they were affiliated with the International Women’s Congress for Permanent Peace. Branches of the Women’s Peace Army were formed across Queensland. Branches of the Children’s Peace Army were also formed. After the war many of these women became involved in in the International League of Peace and Freedom [WILPF] in Queensland.
- Most of these women were ‘absolute’ pacifists opposing violence and war in all its varieties. Many of them had a long-term involvement in the 19th century women’s movement and previously worked on the campaign for votes for women. In Queensland, many of the women had a long term involvement in the Labor movement.
- These women were concerned about human rights and the levels of state surveillance during the times of war. Queensland became the national centre of the opposition to conscription to military service in Australia; and at the time of the two referenda, many of these women campaigned against compulsory military service.